Also known as peptidase, protease enzyme is a multifunctional enzyme with wide array of use in many industries and home chores also. It is a part of the hydrolase enzyme family which breaks down the proteins. Protease breaks the peptide bond present in the proteins and converts the protein into smaller polypeptide or amino acids making other enzymes or chemicals to degrade them very easily.
Proteases are a very diverse type of enzyme found in nearly all living organisms, their form can be found in plants, animals, bacteria, viruses, etc. Based on their catalytic activity, they are classified in 7 types: serine protease, cysteine protease, threonine protease, aspartic protease, glutamic protease, metalloproteases, and asparagine peptide lyases.
Proteases are the key ingredients of all kinds of detergent available in the market. Apart from that, proteases are widely used in pharmaceutical, waste treatment, food & beverage, leather & wool industry, etc.
Some of the industrial applications of Protease enzyme are:
Protease Improves digestibility, solubility flavour, Used in meat tenderization.
Protease is widely used in detergent industry because of ability to remove tough stains.
Protease enzyme synthesis
Protease is used in Pharmaceutical industry as anti-cancer, anti-inflamatory agent.